All quotes from Donald Hoffman’s

How is it that sodium and potassium and calcium ions shuttling back and forth through holes and neural membranes—or hundreds of neural membranes, or thousands, or millions; whatever it might be—how do you go from that description of the brain in a principled way to: I’m now experiencing the taste of chocolate? Without waving your hands, pulling a rabbit out of the hat—no magic. We want a mathematical, precise theory.

One of the interesting implications of that definition—I discovered as I was playing with it—is that when I took two conscious agents and had them interact, and looked at the system of two conscious agents, that system actually satisfied the definition of being a single conscious agent. And so this continues ad infinitum: you can keep taking pairs of agents and combine them. And so this suggests a really interesting structure.